In the 1950s, the United States attempted to create a pan-Islamic movement in the Middle East, led by Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, that would halt the tide of Arab Nationalism (as the Arab nationalists had sided with the Soviet Union by and large).
This effort quite obviously failed, despite some other, more successful 1950s policies.
Yet, in a way, Islamic movements did emerge in many nations. Most are tame, but a number have been most menacing.
I wonder if, some day, there will be suicide bombers killing foreign occupiers in the name of Locke?